AT A GLACE
Pariaman reprensent one of the oldest townships in the west coast of Sumatera Island. Long before the Duct came to Indonesia, it was visited by the tradeship of Portuguese, British, Indian’s, Persian’s and the Arab’s.
Records of Pariaman have been documented by Jean Ango (Portuguese sailor) in 1512, when he entered Perietnen’s territorial water. Other sailors docked in the port of Pariaman to search for pepper and gold, both commodities common to Minangkabau (Sumatera’s west coast) at the time.
Pariaman city has various traditional arts and culture, historical remains, amazing natural views (especially the white sandy beach and clear sea), handicrafts and delicacies of specific traditional foods.
The special uniqueness is Tabuik, a traditional arts and culture, and social mores. Matriarchal system held by the people adds a specific value of tourism to Pariaman.
THE PARIAMAN CITY
Pariaman is the one in 19 Regencies or Cities in West Sumatera Province. It is an area which consists of low land with 73,36 km square, warm climate with the coast line of about 12,7km long. Besides, there are 6 small non urban islands namely Angso Island, Kasiak Island, Tangah Island, Ujung Island, Bando and Gosong Island with their coral groups.
Geograpically, Pariaman lies between 00 33’00’’-00 40’43’’ South Latitude and 1000 10’33’’-1000 10’55’’ East longitude. It borders to the sub district of V Koto Kampung Dalam and V Koto Timur to the north, sub district of VII Koto Sungai Sariak to the east, Nan Sabaris and Ulakan Tapakis to the south, in which all mentioned belong to the Padang Pariaman Regency and to the west with Indian Ocean.
SOCIAL AND CULTURE
Historycally, the people of Pariaman belong to Minangkabau ethnic group and live in the West Sumatera Province. They speak the Minangkabau language. They are well known for their resilience and are highly unique in the way they combine culture and religious values in their daily life. They are matrilineal people and there philosophy has now been adapted is to Islam and based on the Holy Qur’an.
There are three elements of informal leadership important in the daily routine of Minang people. They are Ninik Mamak (Leader of Costum), and the intellectual and ulama leaders of religious clan. There is are famous term in Minangkabau : Tali Tigo Sapilin, Tungku Tigo Sajarangan (three elements of leadership). The three elements always work together hand in hand. Up to this time, this is still found in the society and they actively participate in all sectors of the city develoment including culture, politics, and government.
The population growth of the last four years has averaged to 0.48 percent. The last census places the current population at 78.758 people on December 2005 with 37.452 male and 41.306 female. The population density averages 1.074 people with the sub district of central Pariaman as expected, being the most populated with approximately 33,691 inhabitants.
Pariaman, is a vibrant beach city with a tropical climate, and beautiful views of the sea and inner islands. Cooling sea breezes and shady pine trees make tourist feel relaxed in this tropical climate. Geographically, Pariaman is about 56 km north of Padang, the capital of West Sumatra Province, and about 45 minutes from the Minangkabau International Airport. Therefore, Pariaman is easily accessible tourist destinations either for domestic or overseas visitors. At the entrance to Pariaman there is a simple rest area which can be used as a place for relaxation. The area is called Kuraitaji, a traditional market place for specific food and varied drinks and juices. Many visitors come to this market from morning till late at night.
PARIAMAN CITY CENTRE
Situated in the heart of Pariaman, Simpamg Kampuang Cino is the artistic monument of the ‘Tabuik'. Journeying north from the Tabuik monuments are Ahmad Yani and Diponegoro streets, where offices, shops and historic buildings make up much of the bustling central business district. Diponegoro street is also the site of their Bus station, Post Office, Bank, Shopping Center, ancient cannon, mosque, Gas station, Coffee shops and a variety of excellent traditional restaurants.
Traveling east from the monument, along the main street, Sudirman street, are numerous old traditional houses, the People's Bank and various coffee shops. Toward the south is SB Alamsyah street, where you can see beautifully restored traditional Chinese houses along with the mosque a military head quarters, schools and a local hospital. Syahrir Street to the west from the Tabuik monument is the Electricity Branch Office, shops and the old house of Mhd. Saleh. There is also the minibus station, market and the railway station. Not far from the station to the north is the main hotel near the estuary of Pariaman River. This is also where fishing and tourist boats are docked.
There are regular flights from Padang-Pariaman airport in West Sumatra with easily accessible public transport to Pariaman city, including buses, taxis and private cars. It is only 25km from the airport
The train is also an option you should choose to visit the city of Padang first. The train travels twice-daily return and arrives conveniently in the heart of the Pariaman city center. The journey takes approximately 1.5 hours. The old Dutch colonial Pariaman station itself is worth a visit.